Anabaptist Mennonite Biblical Seminary Blog

Standing where we belong this Advent

December 18, 2014

Mary H. Schertz, Professor of New Testament and Director of the Institute of Mennonite Studies

Mary H. Schertz, Professor of New Testament and Director of the Institute of Mennonite Studies

I am delighted to post this advent homily by Dr. Mary Schertz, AMBS Professor of New Testament and Director of the Institute of Mennonite Studies, one of three powerful sermons she preached for AMBS chapel during advent worship services, this one on December 9. — Sara Wenger Shenk

Psalm 103 and Mary’s song, the Magnificat, have some things in common.
Both of these ancient hymns begin with intensely personal statements.

“My soul magnifies the Lord; and my spirit rejoices in God, my Savior,” sings Mary.

“Bless the Lord, O my soul, and all that is within me bless God’s holy name,” sings the Psalmist.

Like Mary, the Psalmist goes on, then, to make poetry of all the reasons he has to praise God.

He is speaking to himself:
God did not forget you;
God forgave you;
God healed you from sickness;
God redeemed you from despair;
God provided steadfast love and mercy;
God satisfies you with good;

And the result of all this blessing?
Your youth is renewed like the eagle’s.

Verses five and six mark the significant turn that Mary also makes, later on, in her Magnificat.

That significant turn is the shift from personal thanksgiving, to giving thanks in the name of all the people.

Mary interprets her personal good news as good news for the people. The Psalmist interprets his personal good news as good news for the people.

“The Lord works vindication and justice, for all who are oppressed,” he sings in verse 6. He goes on, then, to spell out what that means.

He sees God’s vindication and justice in the history of the people of Israel; he sees this initiative of God in terms of forgiveness; of being judged with mercy.

As a father has compassion for his children, he says, so God looks with love upon these mortals made of dust.

Most of all, God has established covenant with the people, God’s kingdom is that place of justice where even the mighty obey.

At the end of the Psalm, the singer rejoices that all the hosts,
all the ministers,
all God’s works,
bless the Lord.

Finally, poignantly, the Psalmist returns to the personal. “Bless the Lord, O my soul,” he concludes.

As we read these ancient texts,
words we and our ancestors have read from time immemorial,
words that shaped our Advent services,
the word from the Lord for us this day has to do, I think, with that shift in perspective, the turn Mary and the Psalmist both made from the personal good to the common good.

“The Lord satisfies you with good as long as you live, so that your youth is renewed like the eagle’s. The Lord works vindication and justice for all who are oppressed.”

For Christians, our Advent waiting, our pinning our hopes on Jesus, involves a crucial step of empathy, of solidarity.

It is as we identify with humanity, sinners all, all recipients of God’s grace, as we stand with all who are oppressed, that the possibilities of Advent open to us.

Jesus said: “Inasmuch as you have done to the least of these, you have done it unto me.”

And the just ones asked, “When?” because they did not recognize the poor as the least, but as their sisters and brothers.

We stand with the poor,
not because we are good people,
not because we have so much to give,
not because we ought to do this,
not because we are filled with the Christmas spirit,
not even because Mary and the Psalmist show us the way.

We stand with the poor, because as Mary, the Psalmist, and all just ones know, that is where we belong.

It is with the crush of humanity, the world God loves, sinners all,
all recipients of God’s grace, where we are truly at home,
‘Tis a gift to be simple; tis a gift to be free;
‘Tis a gift to come down where we ought to be.
Turn, turn.


Leading in Anxious Times

November 24, 2014

Credit:  Julie Falk (Flickr/Creative Commons)

Credit: Julie Falk (Flickr/Creative Commons)

It’s a sleepless night. I can’t remember another one. Short nights, yes. But one entirely without sleep? No. At least not since those notorious all-nighters during college to cram for a test.

Am I anxious? Probably. My father’s letter is breaking sound barriers. Our family fabric is threatening to fray. Our denominations (MC USA and MC Canada) are feeling fragile and in danger of serious fracturing. Political paralysis and polarization pervade the nation. And it’s dreadfully cold in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan where global warming has yet to arrive.

My job as president of AMBS, a bi-national seminary, brings me to these windswept northern plains. Earlier this week, it was Winnipeg and the MEDA (Mennonite Economic Development Association) annual meeting where the spirit of innovation and entrepreneurship moves courageously to meet the challenge of anxious times by “creating business solutions to poverty.”

A week earlier, AMBS, in partnership with Mennonite Mission Network and Mennonite Church Canada Witness, convened business, mission, and faculty leaders to imagine how to provide learning opportunities for multi-vocational leaders with entrepreneurial skills that are grounded in a holistic, Anabaptist missiology. The generative conversation seemed especially vigorous precisely because we live in anxious times.

The times are a’changing, and so very fast, that we’re in serious danger of losing our balance. Losing our bearings. Losing sleep. Whole industries, including theological schools all across North America, are needing to reinvent ourselves; to reinvigorate our mission. The market landscape is shifting unbelievably. As someone said: “Everything is forced to keep up or shut down.”

As an educator by training, I know how important it is to the vitality of our faith communities that we attend to both continuity and change; continuity with the deep wisdom of our faith tradition and the possibility for innovative, adaptive change. Rootedness in the rich soil of God’s vision in the Scriptures and readiness to risk new growth.

A burning question for me in these anxious times is how to draw life-giving water from the well-spring of God’s Jubilee vision. As leaders, unless we are lovingly alive with Jesus mission to preach good news, release captives, open eyes, and free the oppressed our work will lose its transformative vitality. We will lose our way, disoriented by rapidly shifting sands.

Jesus, the early Christians, and the Anabaptists lived in times of great anxiety and conflict. They model for us how staying rooted in the rich tradition of the Scriptures empowered them to become innovative leaders of revitalization. They broke with the settled consensus of their time because they glimpsed God’s surging, joy-filled Jubilee vision for healing and hope.

My work on Anabaptist Ways of Knowing highlighted philosopher and scientist Michael Polanyi’s “Society of Explorers.” Polanyi contended that a great tradition provides the grounds both for its being maintained and for adaptive innovation. Exploration, he said, requires both authoritative, traditional frameworks that provide accountability and an openness to original, innovative insights from individual explorers.

The Anabaptists rediscovered the deep wellspring of their Christian tradition. They rediscovered the stories of Jesus and the early church. The ancient Scriptural tradition, with the Holy Spirit’s inspiration, provided them with the link to their community’s origins. Their devotion to Jesus liberated them to preach good news to the poor and release to captives. Their individual and collective renewal movement dramatically showed that a great tradition provides the grounds both for continuity and for revitalization.

I come from a family of entrepreneurs in business, mission and education. My parents, ever since I can remember, wanted to capture the imagination of their children with their love for the Bible. Mother and Dad engaged in small business ventures to help support education that awakens people to the world creating biblical vision of God’s good will for new contexts and generations.
I am grateful for the sturdy rootedness in the loamy, rich soil of the Bible they and many good teachers since have provided for me and countless others.

To be a leader with integrity and wisdom in anxious times requires deep knowledge of God’s mercy-filled vision for this messed up marvel that is our world, found in the Scriptures.

To be a leader who is resilient, courageous and just in anxious times requires an understanding of the transformative power of God’s Jubilee vision that no one will “hurt or destroy on all my holy mountain; for the earth will be full of the knowledge of the Lord as the waters cover the sea.”

To be a leader with bold imagination who is prepared to chart new paths in anxious times will require a non-anxious ability to speak the truth in love, graciously and transparently.

Perhaps now I can sleep, remembering that “God is our refuge and strength, a very present help in trouble…. Be still, and know that I am God!”

This post was requested by The Mennonite for their Leadership column, published in the Nov. 24 issue.


Can our disagreements about sexuality be solved with the Bible?

October 22, 2014

Jewel Gingerich Longenecker, associate dean for leadership education and director of the AMBS Church Leadership Center.

Jewel Gingerich Longenecker, associate dean for leadership education and director of the AMBS Church Leadership Center.

I am pleased to post this piece from Dr. Jewel Gingerich Longenecker, associate dean for leadership education and director of the AMBS Church Leadership Center. Her recent presentations to the Constituency Leaders Council of Mennonite Church USA (which are linked at the end) received widespread and heartfelt appreciation. - Sara Wenger Shenk

Since our founding, we Mennonites have claimed the Bible as the central source of authority for our faith and life. The Bible, we have said, is how we learn about God, and most importantly, about Jesus Christ, the One whom we together seek to follow.

Yet these days it seems many of us are not spending a whole lot of time with the Bible. “The estrangement of many North American Mennonite Christians from the Bible—their sense that they know the book, that it’s over-familiar or irrelevant, and their captivity to American ills of individualism, consumerism and over-busyness—all of these make it hard to indwell the ancient text and make it life-giving today,” writes Alan Kreider.

And when it comes to difficult conversations like we’re having about sexuality, some among us have little hope that Scripture can be our guide. Because the Scripture has been misused and co-opted for political purposes and made into a tool of oppression, they say we should steer clear of it in discerning difficult matters.

Others among us are quick to claim the Bible is on their side in the sexuality debates. They quote the Bible readily. They will tell you something like, “I go with the Bible on this one.” This is code for, “There will be no discussion of inclusion or same sex covenants in my church. I know what the Bible says. Case closed.”

Who, really, is studying the Bible?

My question is, when and with whom are we actually studying the Bible? When are we engaging in in-depth Bible study in our own congregations? In what settings are we looking not at just one issue or one set of texts, but many texts, or better yet, whole biblical books, over extended periods of time? In what contexts are we taking advantage of the many scholarly tools of interpretation now available to pastors and lay people alike, tools that can shed a great deal of light on Scripture?

And where are we doing this in congregational contexts that are politically, theologically, and culturally diverse, like the real body of Christ? Where are we coming together, week in and week out, to keep on listening and talking, challenging and understanding, the Scripture and each other? Are most of us not doing this at all or even semi-regularly, as recent studies suggest?

“The Bible provides the stories that have always given identity to the Christian community,” writes Frederick Borsch. “These stories and related materials are the base data and primary theological core of Christian community…. It is the one ‘language’ shared by Christians of different races, cultures, and economic backgrounds.”

Following Borsch I would suggest that when we can no longer speak to each other from the Bible, we cease to share a common Christian identity. We lose our shared foundation—our shared theological core—and our conversations go in circles. In fact, our conversations largely take place only within our own carefully constructed social circles, not within the theologically diverse body that is the church. We find ourselves unable to speak across our conservative-liberal divides because we are no longer speaking a common language.

Might it be possible that the language of the Bible is the language we must learn to speak together again?

What if more of us found ourselves in communities of engagement around Scripture, all around the Mennonite church? What if we found ourselves meeting regularly to study the Bible with well-prepared teachers, who would lead us into in-depth grappling with the Scripture and its many contexts, marinating in God’s Story together over time? What if we kept on listening and talking, challenging and persuading, until we could articulate not only our own, but each other’s perspectives on what the Scripture is saying to the church?

Would this guarantee we would all come out at the same place on sexuality issues? Probably not, since we already know that there are biblical preachers and scholars and writers who have arrived at different viewpoints on questions related to sexuality. If different people speak from their sincere but alternative understandings of Scripture, can we, at the very least, listen to what they have to say as we study the Bible together?

New guidelines for membership

Perhaps membership in the Mennonite church should be based not on our beliefs about sexual ethics, but on our willingness to commit to participate in in-depth weekly Bible study in our own congregations. I would very much like to be part of a church where studying the Bible is more central to our identity than our conservative-liberal labels.

I have no doubt that studying the Bible together would be stretching for all of us. That’s because the goal of Bible study is to facilitate a conversation between God and God’s people today. The deep engagement with Scripture our parents and grandparents and Anabaptist forbearers experienced was hugely important for their time and their place. But this is our time, and our opportunity to grapple with Scripture in light of the questions and experiences and stories of our time. We cannot rely on their study, and their spiritual practices, and their experience. We have to experience Scripture for ourselves.

How can we make Bible study and effective teaching a priority? How can we learn to dig deep together, so that we might begin to truly know and love the one thing that can unite us? That is, so that we can know and love the Story of God’s love, revealed in Jesus Christ, illuminated by the Holy Spirit, and given to us in the pages of the Bible.

Download a file with an extended exploration of Jewel’s call for in-depth biblical study in AMBS's resources for sexuality conversations area.

Tags: sexuality

“Patient Vigor” for interesting times

September 15, 2014

Big Ben. London, England, United Kingdom. Credit: Misterzee (Wikimedia Commons)

Big Ben. London, England, United Kingdom. Credit: Misterzee (Wikimedia Commons)

I love my job. I often awaken with gratitude welling up—this despite enormous stress throughout “our industry”: theological education.

Two years into the job, I sought out a spiritual director who wouldn’t hesitate to ask me tough questions. I figured I might be overlooking unexamined issues or unacknowledged angst.

But gratitude persists—and has been remarkably constant for four years as the prevailing energy that informs my life of prayer. Even so, it continues to surprise me—particularly in the dark times when tasks overwhelm, self-doubt looms or family and global crises invade.

One of the reasons gratitude pervades is that I am blessed to work in a mature, non-anxious community of faith. I am surrounded by colleagues whose patience, wisdom, love, devotion to God, creativity, kindness and peaceableness is profound.

Did I say patience? Yes. Patience!

Patience isn’t a quality I’m accustomed to reflect on much. It is listed among the fruit of the Spirit—but not one that stands out. Yet, according to church historian Alan Kreider, patience is at the heart of the early Christians’ missional and social strategy.

In a faculty conversation about the current tensions swirling around how we regard persons of same sex orientation, a colleague spoke of the need for “patient vigor.”

Patient vigor (as I understand it) means a willingness to listen calmly to each other, to the Scriptures, and to God’s Spirit rather than getting riled up by the polarizing, raucous clamor of the culture wars.

Patient vigor means listening to the full counsel of what is needed so that “every part is working properly, [promoting] the body’s growth in building itself up in love” (Eph 4:16).

Patient vigor means courageously acting for justice and lovingly speaking the truth in the face of vicious attacks and mean spirited spurning of brothers and sisters.

Patient vigor means fearlessly living with unresolved questions even as we actively engage in compassionate hospitality and mission everywhere we live and work.

AMBS’s mission of reconciliation includes a readiness to resource the whole church during this time of intense, prayerful discernment. We recognize that as a church, we’ve allowed competing claims about what the Bible says to divide rather than unite us.

AMBS faculty have a profound respect for the Scripture’s power to reveal God in Christ to us—scriptures we must listen to over and over again, with vigorous patience, to discern the mind of Christ for these “interesting times.” The faculty have begun to provide resources that call us with patient vigor to:

  • Re-learn the spiritual disciplines necessary to hear God’s gracious Spirit in Scripture and in each other.
  • Listen to the full-orbed witness of Scripture with the best available skills of interpretation.
  • Prayerfully adopt a confessional posture in the midst of conflict.
  • Commit to pray for the well-being of our enemies, including those with whom we most vehemently disagree.
  • Be teachable—ready even to be broken open to receive a previously unrecognized word from the Lord: “You have heard it said… But I say to you….”
  • Locate our own stories within the arc of God’s Shalom Story.

As an Anabaptist learning community, we are unafraid of the hard questions. Instead, we are exhilarated by them—believing that the love of God, the grace of Christ, and the communion of the Holy Spirit will unite our hearts and minds in Christ Jesus.

I am grateful for faith communities who are learning that the Spirit’s precious and sweet fruit of patience is indispensable for discerning the mind of Christ—Christ “who has broken down the dividing wall, that is, the hostility between us” (Eph 1:14).

Sexuality conversation resources from the AMBS faculty are available in the Publishing and Research area.

Tags: sexuality

Called to practice reconciliation

September 02, 2014

Source: Wikimedia Commons. Credit: Loavesofbread

Source: Wikimedia Commons. Credit: Loavesofbread

“Go…. So that you will be a blessing” (Genesis 12:1-3).
“Go.” Leave what is known… for some place that is not yet known.

The call of Abraham is an ancient story. Some 4000 years ancient. What it preserves for us is a glimpse of one man’s encounter with God; an encounter that dramatically changed human history.

The call of Abraham is one of those classic texts that brings everything into sharp focus.

God calls persons. It’s that simple. God called Abraham, and God called many others whose stories are told in Scripture and throughout church history.

God calls each of us—in some fashion. Perhaps in ways we’ve only partially named and are still discovering.

A call is a mysterious thing, laden with wonderment, doubt, many testings over time.

There are calls that set a trajectory—and deeply form a way of life. There are calls that come in the moment—to which we can respond because of a baptismal calling that has shaped us over time.

Three recent stories come quickly to mind:

Journalist James Foley's brutal execution by the Islamic State stunned the world. At a mass in his home Catholic parish, Rev. Paul Gausse offered a prayer for the perpetrators of James’ killing. “We are not just praying for us and the Foley family, but praying for those who have perpetrated this kind of evil,” he said. “James felt compelled to be a witness to people in conflict. This was his mission.” And James’ mother Diane Foley added. “[James] died for that compassion and that love, and I pray that he can be remembered that way and that he [will] not have died in vain.” And to Rev. Gausse she added: “Father, pray for me that I don’t become bitter. I don’t want to hate.”

Protests erupted in Ferguson, Missouri, after the fatal shooting of 18-year-old Michael Brown by a police officer. Rev. Willis Johnson, a local Ferguson pastor, felt called into the fray. A photo in the Washington Post showed the pastor in a powerful embrace with protester 18 year-old Joshua Wilson. In an NPR interview later about what was happening in that photo, Pastor Johnson said that as police were ordering protesters to move aside, he was trying to keep Wilson out of harm's way. "If anything” he said, “[my embrace of Wilson] was to affirm him — and to affirm both of us — because in that moment, we were being disaffirmed. We were being told ... that what we were doing was wrong, and it was not wrong."

The New York Times carried the story last week of Josephine Finda Sellu, a deputy nurse matron in Sierra Leone. After 15 of her nurses died from Ebola, she thought about quitting herself. “It has been a nightmare,” she said. “Since the whole thing started, I have cried a lot…. I am a senior nurse. All the junior nurses look up to me. If I left,” she said, “the whole thing would collapse…. There are times when I say, Oh my God, I should have chosen secretarial.” But her job as a healer, she said “is the calling of God.”

However a call of God comes, those testified to by God’s people, by followers of Jesus throughout the generations, often include some resemblance to Abram’s call:

There is an initiative by God; an invitation—or even a command.

  • Go to a land I will show you.
  • Leave your nets.
  • Witness to people in conflict.
  • Take a stand for justice.
  • Be a healer.
  • Come, follow me.

The call is personal. Abram. Moses. Esther. James. Willis. Josephine. But in a profound and ultimate way, it isn’t about any one of us.

  • “So that you will be a blessing”….
  • “So that all the families of the earth will be blessed.”

This is where a call keeps shifting in and out of focus. It’s about me—each of us. But it isn’t about any one of us. It’s about aligning our lives with the magnificent reconciling mission of God in the world.

Tags: leaders , practicing reconciliation

This blog is hosted by Sara Wenger Shenk. While Sara is president of Anabaptist Mennonite Biblical Seminary, she writes as a practical theologian trying to make sense of everyday life—in light of God's reconciling mission in the world.

The views Sara shares here are not the voice of AMBS. As a woman, mother, author, educator, lover of God, Sara is a restless scout—searching out ways that lead toward God’s shalom. She doesn’t assert answers so much as pose questions, test assumptions, resist labels, play with possibilities, experiment with integration, practice wholeness. She hopes this blog will provide a spacious forum for thoughtful discernment around sometimes contentious issues.