Safwat Marzouk, PhD

Safwat Marzouk, PhD

Associate Professor of Old Testament/Hebrew Bible

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In July 2021, Safwat concluded his roles as Associate Professor of Old Testament/Hebrew Bible and Bible Department Chair at AMBS. Please see: Seminary bids farewell to Marzouk

About Safwat

Safwat Marzouk, PhD, grew up where interfaith dialogue among Christians, Jews and Muslims influences daily life. As a Christian in Egypt, he focused on studying the Old Testament to better understand God’s vision of shalom. An ordained member of The Synod of the Nile (a counterpart to the Presbyterian Church), Safwat was a pastor in Egypt and also while completing a doctoral program at Princeton Theological Seminary. His studies concluded with his dissertation, “Not a Lion, but a Dragon”: The Monstrification of Egypt in the Book of Ezekiel. He was a teaching fellow at Princeton and has been an adjunct professor at Saint Joseph’s University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. His love of teaching, his pastoral heart and scholarly curiosity foster classroom discussions that bring compelling insights to ancient texts.

How does the Bible shape your vocation as a professor?

I study, teach and write about the Bible with an emphasis on how the triune God forms a faith community in the world. I believe God is at work forming a community with a dual identity as sojourners and as recipients of the promise of the kingdom of God. This dual identity helps the faith community to be rooted in the world and formed by different ethics. In a world where migration is seen as a challenge, the church should see it as an opportunity not only to show hospitality but also to celebrate difference and claim a biblical perspective on what it means to be the church.

Another aspect of my scholarship relates to my background as a Christian Egyptian. Reading Scriptures from this cultural location means wrestling with issues of peace and justice from the perspective of a minority that seeks to follow Christ in a predominantly Muslim context. The context of Middle Eastern Christians forces them to deal with issues of colonialism, neo-imperialism, Arab-Israeli conflict, oppression and terrorism. Therefore, my work focuses on how the other is constructed in the Hebrew Bible in order to nurture biblical theology that builds bridges of peace in this interreligious milieu.

What can students expect in your classroom?

In many of my classes, I ask students to write and present on the topic, “My embodiment as a theologian,” describing their background as they read the Bible and think theologically. This assignment raises students’ awareness of the context from which they read the Bible and helps them name the contributions they make and the obstacles they face as they enter into this learning community. They also become aware of where their classmates are coming from, which strengthens the intercultural competence of everyone involved.

In addition to presentations, lectures and interactive, hands-on-learning, one of the very fruitful techniques that I have implemented is a “staged submission of the final project.” Students begin their final project early in the semester and submit parts of it in stages. Then I provide feedback before they move on to the next step. This approach has improved the quality of the projects and made the educational process really interactive.

How do you encourage students to hold together excellent academics with deep spiritual formation?

I begin my classes with an invitation for the students to share their joys or concerns so that we can pray for one another. Sharing and prayers help us to become a better community of learners and enable each individual to be more present when we pay attention to academic matters.

  • Egypt as a Monster in the Book of Ezekiel (Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2015).
  • "The Exodus: A Christian Egyptian Perspective." The Hufftington Post, December 16, 2014,
  • “The Paradoxical Monstrification of Egypt in the Book of Ezekiel: Violence, Impurity, and the Other,” in Struggles for Shalom: Peace and Violence across the Testaments (ed. Laura L. Brenneman and Brad D. Schantz, Eugene, Or.: Wipf and Stock, 2014)
  • “God’s Shalom for Postcolonial Communities: Two Reflections,” in Evangelical Postcolonial Conversations: Global Awakenings in Theology and Praxis (ed. Kay Higuera Smith, Jayachitra Lalitha, and L. Daniel Hawk, Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity Press, 2014). Co-authored with Nicholas Rowe.
  • “The Morphology of the tG-Stem in Hebrew and Tirgaltî in Hos 11:3.” Journal of Hebrew Scripture 12 (2012): 1-41. Co-authored with Jeremy Hutton.
  • Ph.D., Princeton Theological Seminary, 2012
  • S.T.M., Union Theological Seminary in New York City, 2002
  • M.A.T.S., Evangelical Theological Seminary in Cairo, 2001
  • B.Th., Evangelical Theological Seminary in Cairo, 1999
My goal for students
  • My goal for students is to wrestle with the theological complexity of the biblical texts in their contexts and to be transformed by Scripture’s witness to God’s reconciling mission in the world.
  • I want them to leave AMBS with the ability to appropriate the gospel of peace and justice to the context of their ministry.
  • I want students to be the kind of people whose hearts are on fire for the kingdom of God and who can speak truth to power and offer alternative visions of hope in a broken world.
Why I am at AMBS
  • What I value about AMBS is that it truly works towards holistic formation of community: excellent academics, deep spirituality and a wonderful community.
Memberships and associations
Curriculum vitae
More about Safwat